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Heirloom and hybrid seeds are both permitted in organic farming systems. Genetically modified organisms are not permitted, nor are seeds treated with non-organic fungicides or pesticides.
Organic examples include cover crops, green waste compost, processed chicken feathers, processed fish and seaweed products, chicken feathers, gypsum and sulfur.
There are not many effective organic herbicides. Hand weeding and maintaining clean fields are the most effective methods. There are some plant oils, natural acids, and flame
There are some effective soaps, predatory insects, plant-based extracts and bacteria used to organically control insect pests. Rodents, mammals or birds are controlled with deterrent